Gothenburg

Gothenburg facts and figures

AN Expansive business environment

Gothenburg has a broad and multifaceted business environment with 750 industries represented. The region is home to global brands such as Volvo, SKF, Ericsson and AstraZeneca, and is characterised by a strong entrepreneurial spirit. Prominent clusters include construction, transport and logistics, ICT industries, automotive, creative and cultural industries, life sciences and cleantech.  

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530
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k
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people employed
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117
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k
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establishments
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7.1
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k
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startups in 2018
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€54
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bn
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gross regional product
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€127
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bn
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turnover

A Prominent research hub

Gothenburg is a leading research region characterised by large knowledge intensive companies and close collaboration between the private, public and academic sectors. In terms of patents per capita, Gothenburg is among the top 15 most inventive cities in the world. Each year around 1/3 of Sweden's total R&D investments within the private sector are made in Gothenburg's county, Västra Götaland.  

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61
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%
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of Sweden's private automotive R&D investments
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42
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%
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of Sweden's private chemical, food and pharmaceuticals R&D investments
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27
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%
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of Sweden's private professional services R&D investments

Highly skilled workforce

With high quality universities and world-class companies, Gothenburg is a popular place to live, work and study. Our residents are relatively young and more highly educated than the national average. Gothenburg and West Sweden also rank highly in international comparisons on human capital and lifestyle.

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58
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k
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university students
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140
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vocational programmes
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1
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st
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Sweden's best city and region for English proficiency (Education First, 2017)

Competitive on the international stage

Gothenburg reguarly scores highly in European and global comparisons on everything from innovation and connectivity to lifestyle and growth potential. Here are just a few examples: 

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1
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st
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of 39 world cities: Sociable City Index (Hostel World, 2017)
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2
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nd
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of 55 mid-sized cities: European Cities of the Future - Connectivity (fDi, 2018)
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2
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nd
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of 50 cities: World's smartest cities (Future Today Institute, 2019)
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Leader
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European innovation leader among 220 regions (European Commission, 2017)

A High level of global interaction

Gothenburg is an important hub for Swedish imports and exports, with established trade routes to all major markets. Meanwhile, every fifth employee in the region works for a foreign-owned company and every fifth resident is foreign-born. More and more people are also visiting the city for meetings, events and leisure.  

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17
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%
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of Sweden's exports
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15
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%
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of Sweden's imports
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2.4
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k
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foreign owned companies
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Exports
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Top countries by value: Norway, USA, Germany, China and UK
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Imports
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Top countries by value: Germany, Norway, Netherlands, UK and Denmark
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